Definition - What does Horticulture mean?

Horticulture is a wing of agriculture that deals with the science and art of growing and improving plants with the help of science and technology. It is different from other plant sciences because it incorporates both science and aesthetics. The cultivation of fruits, vegetables, herbs, flowers, mushrooms, seeds and even non-food crops such as grass, ornamental trees and plants like the fern is included in horticulture. Similarly, the knowledge of horticulture is important in grape harvesting as well. Viticulture is the branch of horticulture dedicated to wine making.

WineFrog explains Horticulture

Viticulture is a branch of horticulture which is the science and production of grapes. When these grapes are used for making wine, it is known as viniculture. Vines of grapes can be found all over the world except Antarctica because of the adaptability of grape vines. Growing these vines include the process of controlling pests and diseases, fertilizing, irrigation, canopy management, monitoring the development of fruit and its characteristics, deciding when is the perfect time to harvest the fruit and finally vine pruning is necessary at during the months of winter.

Since horticulture also includes marketing of goods, viticulturists are often directly in connection with winemakers. Wine making can begin only when the characteristics of the grapes being used is known, so viticulture is instrumental in wine making. For example, some grapes have better characteristics of resisting diseases which makes them ideal for growing for winemaking purposes.

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