Definition - What does Parenchyma Cells mean?
Parenchyma cells are specialized tissue cells in plants that are globular, thin-walled and regenerative. These cells are important because they are present in the soft tissues of plants and remain undifferentiated so they can become many types of cells depending on what the plant needs. In grapevines, parenchyma cells are present throughout the entire vine, aiding where it is appropriate and contributing to metabolism, storage, photosynthesis, biosynthesis and secretion.
WineFrog explains Parenchyma Cells
The parenchyma cells are the most plentiful in plants, can be found in all the different parts of the plant and are essential to plant life. These cells have the ability to divide throughout the course of their life and their cell walls adapt to what they will be used for. In photosynthesis, this type of cell is the only one that keeps this process going in the stems and leaves. The roots or stems uses this cell as a storage cell that can be filled with water, starch or other carbohydrates. Parenchyma cells can also be used as transport cells that can move solutes or water throughout the plant. When the plant releases hormones, the parenchyma cells go to work to complete the necessary plant processes that are needed for its survival.