Term of the Day


Flinty is an advanced tasting term used to describe the smell, and sometimes taste, of wine that resembles a flint stone striking another stone or steel. This term has been employed by wine experts as a... (Read on)

Past Terms: DumbLactic Acid BacteriaViticultural Area

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Now that the countries have been introduced for both the Old World and New World, we can delve into the differences in winemaking practices and the style of wines that each... (Read on)
The Hang Time Debate: The Vintner's Battle

Hang time refers to the amount of time that wine grapes hang on the vine for after the growing season, during harvest. Vintners like hang time grapes, as the extra time on the vine allows the grape to develop many characteristics, but they are sold for..
Est! Est!! Est!!! Scores in Name Game

Legend has it that in the year 1111, a German bishop in Italy en route to the Vatican sent his majordomo ahead to search for inns that served quality wine. When the scout found a lodging with good wine, he'd write Est on the door.
Wine Flaws and Faults - How to Recognize Them and Can They Be Fixed

When we use the term oxidized, what we mean to say is that it has been exposed to an exceptional amount of oxygen. An oxidized wine can be recognized by a loss of intensity in aroma, color and flavor.Brettanomyces or Brett is a wild yeast, which when....
10 Wine Professions & What They Do

Working in the wine world presents many different types of opportunities for people who are passionate about all aspects of oenology, viticulture and winemaking. Sommeliers are professionally trained and certified wine experts in pairing and tasting.
Nero d'Avola: The Wine Designed for Red Sauces

Nero d'Avola is made from the Nero d'Avola grape, translated as Black of Avola, from the small town officially named Avola, located in southeastern Sicily. From then on, the wine was made as a 100% varietal wine and is compared to Syrah.
Roussillon: Home to Good Red and White Wine

Roussillon, one of France’s sunniest regions, is situated in the Deep South West near the Spanish border. Roussillon now boasts 2,000 winemaking families, 25 cooperative cellars and 345 private cellars. The region grows as many as 23 varieties of grapes
How Many Levels of Sweetness Are There in German Wines?

Germany (and Austria) stand out among the other wine-producing countries and the wines are classified using a german wine classification in accordance with the the level of sweetness of the wines. Pradikatswein ?modeled after the Qualitatswein mit Pradik
Albert J. Winkler & His Contributions to Viticulture

Few can claim to have had as profound an impact on modern day viticulture as Albert J. Winkler. He was a horticulturist” and “the father of modern-day Californian viticulture” along with Maynard Amerine. The Winkler Scale, heat summation regions, degree
The Anatomy of the Grapevine Explained

The anatomy of a grape is complex, made up of essential inner and out parts like the Phloem, which is responsible for transporting essential nutrients. It’s important to differentiate the root of a grapevine from the rootstock. Grafting of rootstocks...
Common Vineyard Pests, Diseases & How to Treat Them

You are gambling on your own ability to prevent or control the myriad of pests and diseases that want to call your vineyard their home. Phylloxera is a microscopic aphid that feeds on the roots of grapevines. Also known as Oidium, Powdery Mildew attacks.
The Scenery and Sangiovese of Tuscany

The wine in Tuscany, influenced by the Mediterranean Climate and culture, is some of the best to pair with vast varieties of food?. Sangiovese, arguably the most widely used of all Italian varietals, is the mainstay in the majority of Tuscany's reds.
Introduction to the Red and White Noble Grapes

Noble Grapes used to be considered the backbone of wine making industry, the essential varietals for producing the best quality wines. Merlot, Pinot Noir, Chardonnay, Riesling, Sauvignon Blanc, and Cabernet Sauvignon are the staple Noble Grapes. ABC...
The Regulated Wines of South African Viticulture

The wine of South Africa may be placed in the category of New World wines, however, this exotic country, found in the far expanses of the southern hemisphere, has been making wine for almost 400 years. Its classification system is known as Wine of Origin
How Malbec Came to be Argentina's New World Signature Wine

It may then come as a surprise to many to learn that Malbec is actually a French grape variety, brought over in the 1800s after The Great French Wine Blight caused by phylloxera. Today, 75% of New World Malbec is grown in Argentina.
Understanding Wine Varietals

Wine varietals are simply the type or types of grapes used to make wine, these are usually categorized by color and genetic familial traits.Varietals make the wine, while white grapes aren't used to make red wine, red grapes are used to make white wine.
What Is a Rose Wine?

What is Rosé Wine? A hybrid between white and red wine. Rosé is of French origin and can be dry or very sweet. The acidity of a rosé has the affinity to cut through and balance out fatty foods like our favorite picnic charcuterie or even a great quiche..
What Corked Means - and Other Tricky Wine Terminology

Corked wine simply means that the wine has been contaminated with cork taint via the presence of trichloroanisole or TCA.... Drinking a corked wine is not harmful in any way, but the wine will not smell or taste its best... Tannin is the characteristic..
Wine and Wood: Combining Tradition with New Techniques

Wines aged in oak barrels have a sophisticated and oaky set of flavors and aroma, but new-age techniques have reinvented the concept of introducing oak flavors into wine.
The Simple Side of Food and Wine Pairing

Wine pairing is essential to a great meal, learn which wines to pair with meats, pastas, sauces, fish, and even desserts and what rules to disregard.
How Sparkling Wine and Champagne are Made

What makes Champagne "Champagne" and how is it different from sparkling wine? Not all sparkling wine is Champagne, but all Champagne is sparkling wine because.....
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One of the biggest challenges a winemaker must take into consideration is vine disease. Vineyards are susceptible to many different diseases with varying degrees... Read more

Europe is a continent that comprises well-known countries like Spain to the Southeast, Italy in the heart of the Mediterranean Sea and Germany to the North; the... Read more

California is a New World Region located on the western coast of the United States, bordered by Oregon to the North, Nevada to the East and Arizona to the Southeast... Read more

In the context of winemaking, bottle aging simply means that a wine is aged in its bottle and is not aged in bulk in a cask, oak barrel, barrique or other large... Read more

Sherry is a type of fortified wine made in Spain from grapes grown in the Andalusia region. The name "Sherry" is protected by the Spanish Estatuto del Vino (Wine... Read more
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