Definition - What does First Growths mean?
First Growths is a wine classification term for the top wines of Bordeaux. This classification was ordered by Napoleon III for the Universal Exposition of 1855, known as the Official Bordeaux Wine Classification of 1855. The list was written based on the reputation and price of wines during the time.
WineFrog explains First Growths
The First Growths of Bordeaux are focused on the main regions of the Medoc and Graves and refers to wines that are "first in class".
The official classification was meant to showcase the best wines that France had to offer in order to help international visitors better understand the local wines. The wineries which made the list for the First Growth categories include; Château Latour, Château Lafite Rothschild, Château Mouton Rothschild, Château Margaux and Château Haut-Brion.
It should be noted that the "First Growth" classification is classified into what are known as crus:
- Premier Grand Cru (Classés A and B)
- Premier Cru Supérieur
- Premier Cru
- Deuxiémes Crus (Second Growths)
- Troisiémes Crus (Third Growths)
- Quatriémes Crus (Fourth Growths)
- Cinquiémes Crus (Fifth Growths)