Definition - What does Parellada mean?

Parellada is a white wine varietal found in Spain commonly used to produce Cava, which is the most famous sparkling wine of Spain. This varietal is native to the hills of Catalonia and believed to be exclusive to this region, as it is not known to be grown anywhere else.

Parellada grows best at higher altitudes where the growing season is both cooler and longer than in lower regions. The temperatures are fresher so they help to retain the varietal's acidity, which is essential in the production of sparkling wine. The longer growing season helps in the full development of the aromatic compounds.

WineFrog explains Parellada

Parellada is among three other principal varietals used to make Cava. In Cava, Parellada adds aromas of blossom and green apple to the wine, which is enhanced by the honeyed, grapefruit notes of Macabeo and the earthy flavors of Xarel-lo.

Parellada can also be used to make still wines besides Cava. Among the three main grapes used to make Cava, Parellada is the grape which is planted the least in Penedes, the largest Cava region in Spain. It is considered as a high quality grape, as it produces very fine, refreshing wines. Parellada wines are renowned for their intense green apple and citrus flavor combination.

In the high altitudes and poor soils of the Upper Penedes region, this varietal tends to produce balanced wines which are very crisp with great acidity. The most popular blends of Parellada include Sauvignon Blanc and Chardonnay. A Parellada vine can be recognized by its large, loose bunches of big grapes. They have a unique genetic advantage as they can resist Botrytis, a fungal disease which affects grape vines.

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