Definition - What does Vinifera mean?
Vinifera is the species of the genus Vitis (grapevine), and "Vinifera" is the proper Latin name for grape vines that are native to Europe and Asia. These grapevines are very common and now grown throughout the world if the climate is favorable.
This species is considered to be one of the most common crops grown, because of its economical value and versatility; the grapes can be dried/dehydrated, eaten raw or processed to make wine. The vine is a perennial grower and can last, with good maintenance, for decades; it goes into a dormant period during the winter and new growth during the spring.
WineFrog explains Vinifera
The Vinifera vine originated in the Mediterranean area of Europe and in eastern regions of Asia; it then spread to other parts of the world with moderate temperatures. Vinifera can grow year-round and reach lengths up to 35’ in twisted vine growth, however, it can go dormant or die in some harsher winter conditions. New spring vines first produce heart-shaped leaves before flowering and developing berries/grape fruit, with its wooden shoot attaching itself to trellises that help the vine grow to its full potential.
The vinifera doesn’t have many defenses against diseases and pests when grown outside of it’s native soils. But it has been successful growing as a hybrid mixed with other vine species in more challenging climate regions. Vinifera grapes are known to produce some of the best wines in the world, causing it to be used continually and for many different reasons, including mixing it with other vines to make higher quality, more adaptable hybrids.