Definition - What does Grapevine mean?
With over sixty species, the grapevine is the largest fruiting crop in the world. This unique plant has been growing in the wild for thousands of years and is commercially grown to produce grapes for eating, dried raisins and grapes for wine. The grapevine consists of roots, a wooden trunk that does not stand straight, heart shaped leaves and winding tendrils that can help the vine cling to almost any surface and creep across the land. Grapevines grow taller and fuller than any other vine found in the wild, are perennial in nature and produce a tasty berry.
WineFrog explains Grapevine
Grapevines play an integral role both historically and in the current economies and farming industries, as they have been growing naturally and in farms from since the ancient eras. Grapevines are a hardy plant that can grow in a variety of climates. The colors of the grapevine can have many variations from green to purple and even red or amber. The leaves come in several different shapes depending on the type of species and the area in which they grow. The leaves give way to small, green-colored flowers, which bloom each spring and develop into the fruiting clusters that produce round, firm berries that we know as grapes.
Grape cultivation is an integral part of the grapevine’s growth – there are 8,000 different types of grapes grown for wine and for consumption. Grapevines have adapted to a wide variety of soil types that range from the moist and cool to the arid and hard. Grapevines grown to produce grapes for wine prefer cool winters and temperate, long summer seasons for optimal grape berry growth. The commercially grown grapes usually undergo a type of vine training to make sure that they reach maturation, produce great yields and avoid diseases, drought and pests.